artists & participants
From October 22, 2004 to February 27, 2005, the GAMeC will present a retrospective exhibition dedicated to Getulio Alviani, who was one of the most important artists at the international level during the 1960's and early 1970's, as a leading member of the current that was alternately labeled Optical Art, Kinetic Art, and Programmed Art (this last term was coined by Umberto Eco). This one-man show features the artist's entire career and explores the different techniques, periods, and formats of his work.
Getulio Alviani's artistic training was close to masters like Josef Albers, Konrad Wachsmann and Max Bill, who, in developing the theoretical and practical premises of the Bauhaus, nudged artistic innovation and creative work in a scientific direction, basing aesthetic work on expansion of the field of perception and the verifiability of solutions to problems.
Alviani has been conducting research on materials and their organization in programmatic compositions for over forty years: his interest in the use of art for plastic structures and visual knowledge deriving from the industrial field began in the 1960's with the production of his first works in aluminum (such as light lines, 1961 and vibratile weave surface 1.2.4, 1961-62), one of which was acquired for the permanent collections of the MOMA in New York starting in 1965, the year when the artist was invited to participate in the group show The Responsive Eye.
Alviani has always followed an artistic approach that seeks to plan the entire scope of life and contemporary aesthetics, working not only in the field of the visual arts but also extending his creativity to the fields of design, architecture, and fashion.
The exhibition at the GAMeC in Bergamo focuses attention both on the environmental dimension of Alviani's work – through the reworking of kinetic environments in the 1960's, like Chromospecular Interrelation (1969), Curved Specular Interrelation (1965/1967), and Relief with Right Angle Reflections (1967), which are included in the exhibition – and research on the technical synthesis of light and dynamism in more traditionally formatted works. His abstract approach to form is analyzed not only through environments and sculptures, but also through his characteristic works, which are executed by grinding metallic materials like steel and aluminum, works whose shimmering surfaces are defined and redefined as the observer changes position and of which the exhibition presents a broad selection that ranges up to the present day.
Alviani was one of the principal promoters at the international level of an approach to art as a form of knowledge that, through the study of optical phenomena, investigates the structures of perception.
In this sense, he has carried out his work not only as artist but also as theoretician, authoring numerous texts and curating various exhibitions. His works manifest a continuous search for rules and geometric proportions generated by mathematical calculations and contrasts between primary or complementary colors: art and science become the fields of research for an aesthetic rigor that denotes both of them.
Alviani's works are always conceived in relation to the observer's point of view and stimulate it by using the refraction of luminous effects on metallic surfaces and the observer's movements with respect to the objects in front of him as artistic materials: the result is that these objects change physically, while the space that contains them and the individual's visual perception become part of the work. Alviani has always proposed an approach that remains extremely topical by challenging the traditional significance of artistic representation and illusion and presenting an idea of work as the dynamic center of relation with the public. His attention to the perceptive dimension has led the artist to expand the space of art in creation of physical environments where the graphic weave of the walls generates illusionary effects of perspective and volumetric deformation.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a monographic catalogue published by Skira Editore, with texts by Loredana Parmesani, Beppe Finessi, and a conversation between the artist and Giacinto Di Pietrantonio, Director of the GAMeC and curator of the exhibition. The catalogue will be rounded out by complete documentation of the artist's writings and biographical and bibliographical apparatus.
Biographical Highlights top
Getulio Alviani (Udine, 1939) exhibited for the first time abroad in a one-man show at the Mala Galerija in Ljubljana in 1961, followed by a second show in 1962, at the Galerija Suvremene Umjetnosti in Zagreb and Studio f in Ulm . The same year, he participated in the exhibition Arte Programmata (“Programmed Art”) in Venice, Rome, Düsseldorf, and Leverkusen, and in Zero at the Diogenes Gallery in Berlin.
In 1963 he exhibited at the Städtisches Museum Schloss Morsbroich in Leverkusen . In 1964 he participated in the exhibition Nouvelles Tendences at the Louvre in Paris and in 1965 in the group show The Responsive Eye at the MOMA in New York , which acquired several works from him for its permanent collection and created the first room-environments with vibratile surface walls. In 1968 he was invited to Documenta 4 in Kassel. From 1981 to 1985 he was director of the Museum of Modern Art in Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela. He participated several times in the Venice Biennale (1984, 1986, and 1993). In 1992 he participated in the trigon – identität – differenz in Graz , Austria and executed Mai wai at the Galleria Seno in Milan. Retrospective shows have been dedicated to him at the Tivoli Gallery in Ljubljana (1996) and the Muzej Suvremene Umjetnosti in Zagreb (1997). In 2000 a retrospective of his graphic works was held at the Galeria Bielska BWA in Bielsko-Biala . He has held one-man shows at: the Muzeum Okregove, Chelm (1994); the Stara Gallery BWA, Lublin (1995); at the BWA Avantgarda Gallery, Krakow (1996); the Galleria Dina Carola, Naples (1998); the Schoeller Gallery, Düsseldorf (2000); the Galerie Conny Van Kasteel, Egmond Aan Zee; at the Galerie Cuenca, Ulm; at the Galleria Spazia, Bologna; at the Galleria Placentia, Piacenza (2001); and at the Galleria Comunale d'Arte Contemporanea, Monfalcone (2003). In 2001 a monographic exhibition on his metallic surfaces was held at the Städtisches Museum-Gelsenkirchen, as well as an exhibition at the Mondriaanhuis Amersfoort. Between 2001 and 2003 he appeared in Light, Movement & Programming, a traveling exhibition at the museums of Ulm , Mennheim, Gelsenkirchen , Kiel , Schwerin , and Klagenfurt . In 2002 he appeared in the Buenos Aires Biennial. The following year he participated in group shows at the Galleria Seno ( Milan ), Villa Croce ( Genoa ) the Académie de France à Rome ( Rome ), and the Museo della Permanente, Spazio Atelier ( Milan ). In 2004 he appeared again in Milan at the Triennale; he exhibited at the Kunsthaus in Graz and the Palazzo delle Papesse in Siena . Over the last several years, he has dedicated himself to editing texts and curating exhibitions on the leading figures of structural and visual research at the international level, collaborating principally with museums in Eastern Europe , and executing various architectural projects.
GETULIO ALVIANI Pressetext
only in german
Getulio Alviani - Retrospektive
Kurator: Giacinto Di Pietrantonio