Ben Nicholson (b. 1894, Denham/UK; d. 1982; London) was a painter of Concrete art and producer of geometric and abstract reliefs. He was a member of the group "Abstraction-Création". In 1934 and 1954 he participated in the Venice Biennale, and 1955, 1959, 1964 in the documenta 1, 2 and 3 in Kassel. Ben Nicholsonstudied at the Slade School of Art. He was married to the sculptor Barbara Hepworth.